P0016 Fault Code

P0016 OBD-II Trouble Code Short Description

Crankshaft Position - Camshaft Position Correlation (Bank 1 Sensor A)

What does trouble code P0016 mean?

The P0016 fault code is related to the crankshaft and camshaft position sensors in the engine. It indicates a correlation problem between the two sensors on Bank 1, Sensor A. This means that the position of the crankshaft and camshaft is not synchronized as expected by the engine control module (ECM).

The ECM uses the signals from these sensors to determine the precise timing for fuel injection and ignition. When there is a correlation issue, it can lead to poor engine performance, misfires, rough idling, or even engine stalling.

The possible causes of this fault code can include:

  1. Incorrectly installed or faulty crankshaft or camshaft position sensors.
  2. Timing chain or belt that is worn or stretched.
  3. Issues with the timing belt or chain tensioner.
  4. Faulty ECM or wiring/connectivity problems between the sensors and ECM.

To diagnose and fix the problem, a technician would typically perform the following steps:

  1. Inspect and test the crankshaft and camshaft position sensors. Replace them if faulty or incorrectly installed.
  2. Check the timing chain or belt for wear or stretch. Replace if necessary.
  3. Verify the correct tension of the timing belt/chain and adjust as needed.
  4. Inspect the ECM for any faults and repair or replace if required.
  5. Check the wiring and connections between the sensors and ECM. Repair any damaged or loose connections.

It is important to address this fault code promptly as it can have a negative impact on engine performance and reliability. Therefore, seeking the assistance of a qualified mechanic or dealership is recommended to accurately diagnose and resolve the underlying issue.


What are the symptoms of the P0016 code?

The P0016 fault code indicates a correlation problem between the crankshaft position sensor and the camshaft position sensor on bank 1, sensor A. The following symptoms may be present in cars with this fault code:

  • Check Engine Light (CEL) or Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) illuminated on the dashboard.
  • Engine may have reduced power or rough idle.
  • Engine misfire or hesitation during acceleration.
  • Decreased fuel efficiency.
  • Engine may not start or have difficulty starting.

It's important to note that these symptoms may vary depending on the make and model of the car. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is recommended to have your vehicle diagnosed and repaired by a qualified mechanic.


What causes the P0016 code?

The P0016 fault code indicates a problem with the correlation between the crankshaft and camshaft positions on Bank 1 Sensor A. This code is commonly found in vehicles with variable valve timing (VVT) systems.

Here are some possible causes of the P0016 fault code:

  1. Incorrect timing chain alignment: If the timing chain is not properly aligned, the crankshaft and camshaft positions may not be in sync.

  2. Faulty camshaft or crankshaft position sensor: A malfunctioning sensor could provide incorrect data about the positions of the camshaft and crankshaft.

  3. Timing belt or chain issues: Worn or damaged timing belts or chains can cause the timing to be off, leading to a P0016 code.

  4. Engine oil issues: Low or dirty engine oil can affect the performance of the camshaft phaser, which in turn can cause the crankshaft and camshaft positions to be out of sync.

  5. VVT solenoid problems: Issues with the VVT solenoid, which controls the timing of the camshaft, can result in a P0016 code.

  6. Engine mechanical problems: Any issues that affect the mechanical operation of the engine, such as a damaged timing gear or bent valves, can cause the crankshaft and camshaft positions to not correlate properly.

It is recommended to diagnose and fix the underlying cause of the P0016 code in order to prevent further damage to the engine and ensure proper vehicle performance.

Possible Solutions

How to fix P0016?

To fix the P0016 fault code on cars, you can follow these steps:

  1. Check the timing chain or belt: Inspect the timing chain or belt to ensure it is properly aligned and not stretched or damaged. Replace if necessary.

  2. Inspect the crankshaft and camshaft sensors: Check the sensors for any signs of damage or improper installation. Clean the sensors and their connectors. Replace if needed.

  3. Verify the engine timing: Use a timing light or other diagnostic tool to verify that the engine timing is set correctly. Adjust the timing if necessary.

  4. Check the wiring and connectors: Inspect the wiring and connectors related to the crankshaft and camshaft sensors for any signs of damage or corrosion. Repair or replace as needed.

  5. Perform an engine ECM reset: Reset the Engine Control Module (ECM) by disconnecting the battery for a few minutes. Reconnect the battery and check if the fault code returns.

  6. Monitor sensor readings: Use an OBD-II scanner to monitor the sensor readings while the engine is running. Look for any irregularities or inconsistencies in the crankshaft and camshaft sensor signals.

  7. Seek professional help: If you are unable to diagnose or fix the issue yourself, it is recommended to seek assistance from a certified mechanic or dealership. They have the necessary tools and expertise to accurately diagnose and repair the problem.

Note: These steps are general guidelines and may vary depending on the make and model of your vehicle. It's always best to consult the vehicle's service manual for specific instructions.